This page gives some Lanzarote facts and figures, to give you an idea of the island’s location, its size, its population, its climate, its volcanoes, its history and other information.
Lanzarote Facts & Figures: Location
- Lanzarote is 1000 km south of the Spanish mainland.
- It is 100 km west of the African coast.
- 11km north of Fuerteventura
- 1km south of the small island of La Graciosa
Lanzarote Facts & Figures: Size
- Island size is 60km north to south,25 km from east to west
- The coast line is 213 km long, 10 km sand, 16 km beach
- Mountain ranges: Famara (671m in the north), Ajaches (608m in the south)
- 9 square km
- 4th largest of the Canary Islands
- Highest point – 671 m Peñas del Chache, Famara
- Population (2012) – 142,132
- The capital Arrecife has a population of 55,203
- Population Breakdown – 74% are Spanish, 4% are Colombian, 4% are British, 3% Moroccan, 3% German, 2% Irish, and 10% other nationalities.
- Average high – 20.7 degrees Celcius in January/ 29.1 degrees Celcius in August
- Average low – 14.0 degrees Celcius in January/ 21.2 degrees Celcius in August
- Average rainy days – 18
- Mean monthly sunshine – 201 to 308 hours
- Total yearly sunshine hours – 2,978
- Age – 15 million years old – volcanic origin
- 140 volcanoes on the island
- Largest volcanic eruption – 1730-1736 in Timanfaya National Park (Montñas del Fuego)
- 17-20 million years ago – Lanzarote created by huge volcanic eruptions
- 2000-2500BC – Lanzaroteis occupied by the Guanches, possibly a race from North Africa
- 82BC – Roman sailors visited, and called the Canaries the Fortunate Islands
- 1AD – Juba II of Mauretania sends an expedition to explore
- 1000AD – Arab visitors visited and took some Guanche slaves
- 1312 – Genoese sailor Lancelotto Malocello visits the island, and Lanzarote is a corruption of his name
- 1339 – Mallorcan cartographer Angelino Dolcet draws the first map of the island
- 1350-1450 – Raiders capture slaves from the island
- 1402 – Two Normans, Gadifer de la Salle and Jean de Bethencourt land on Lanzarote and claim the island for the King of Spain
- Early 1400’s – Norman and Spanish settlers enslave the Guanches and build European style farming villages
- 1400-1500 – French, English, Dutch and Arab pirates raid Lanzarote and captured slaves.
- 1730-1736 – The Timanfaya volcano eruptions destroy a third of the island.
- 1824 – More volcanic eruptions add more lava
- 1919 – Cesar Manrique, the famous artist/architect, is born in Arrecife. When he was a young man he left the island to study art in Madrid.
- 1960’s – Tourism to the island begins
- 1968 – Cesar Manrique returns to the island, and with the island council’s backing, he starts his famous landscaping works, and development is controlled.
- 1970 – Timanfaya opens to the public.
- 1970-1977 – Cesar Manrique continues his landscape and conservation work on the island, with his ‘landscape and tourism’ projects coming into being.
- 1974 – Timanfaya is declared a National Park
- 1992 – Cesar Manrique is killed in a car accident
- 1993 – UNESCO declares the whole island of Lanzarote as a World BiosphereReserve
Other Lanzarote Facts
- Airport – Arrecife , received 5,883,039 passengers in 2014
- Emblem – the devil – originates from the early settlers saying that volcanic eruptions were the work of the devil.
- People known as ‘conejos’ (rabbits)
- 7 Municipalities: Arrecife, Haria, San Bartolome, Teguise, Tias, Tinajo and Yaiza.
- Biosphere Reserve – declared in 1993
- The main tourist resorts are Playa Blanca, Costa Teguise and Puerto del Carmen.
- Language – Castilian Spanish
- Currency – Euro (€)
- Time Zone – GMT
Now that you are aware of the Lanzarote facts and figures, it is now time for you to go to the island, and experience all that it offers.